Circuito arqueológico del Cusco urbano

Archaeological Circuit City Tours Cusco city: It is an imposing example of Inca architecture strategically nestled on a hill overlooking Cusco city tours. In addition to fulfilling military duties, had great Inca ceremonial importance. It is located just 2 km (10 min) to N of city center by paved road. Its Quechua name means ‘satisfied falcon’ or ‘proud hawk’. It is famous worldwide for its huge polygonal stones joined with astounding precision to form the outer walls. Some of these rocks, beautifully cut and polished, exceed 8 m in height and 350 tons in weight. Sacsayhuaman is the largest megalithic structure in the New World. Your construc¬ción have been initiated between the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. The culmina¬ción of the work took more than seven decades and required the work of about 20 000 men.

Sacsayhuaman is accessed using any of the two paved routes out of the city on foot, through a staggered path (recommended for descent route). One caution: be careful if you walk or returns. Robberies and assaults are unfortunately common.

Kenko and Puca Pucara – March 68th MASL

Archaeological sites are located 4 and 6 km, respectively (15 min), NE of Cusco city tours by paved road. Qenko (‘spiral’ or snail ‘) is an Inca ceremonial center consisting of a carved rock, rock a votive, a zoomorphic monolith and a semicircular amphitheater. Of note is the large outcrop of limestone on top of which have been carved intricate mythical representations of the cult of the earth and a set of channels for ceremonial use or zigzag pakchas be the origin of the name of this place. Puca Pucara (‘red fortress’), whose name is due to the hue take their rocks with the twilight, is a military construction composed of superimposed terraces, high walls and stairways, which jun¬to with Sacsayhuaman, was part defense system of Cusco. One of its towers provides visible Tambomachay, perhaps for communication via signals.

Intisaywana without sunkanas- Kenko – City Tours Cusco

The scientific roots of our Peruvian cultural identity require a necessary revival, for which we must not only publicize the song, dance, language, myths, religion, archaeo-logical remains, among others; but also, update the scientific basis of their tools, such as intiqawana, used to measure time, allpapampachana to determine angles; the yakuqawana for observing the eclipses of the sun and moon; the yakutarina to detect groundwater; the intisaywana to control the movements of the stars. These instruments were mane-xed by qoyllorkuna Yachaq (astronomers), who were responsible for interpreting and predicting different phe-less nature.

The intisaywana (or Rosa Nautica Andina) was technological multipurpose tool; used to specify the position of space-time orientation on a site-finished (compass), for the various movements of the stars in the universe (telescope), to send and receive simultaneous communication (transmit antennas) to schedule the spacetime-biological (calendar) from its cosmoastronómicos observatories (CBOs) with a system of visual lines (seques), which are linked together.

The Andean people knew the physico-chemical and biological ecobiological its spacetime-laws. They made the observations cosmobiological cosmoastronómicas and synchronizing their daily activities on the east and west horizons at different altitudes. This Andean incredibly scientific technology stalled because when arrived, “conquistadores” not a scientific, technological, theological or sociological convergence is generated; but a tectonic overlay distorted, excluded and destroyed the Andean cultural wealth. Today, despite the ongoing globalization process and the scientific revolution that moves the world, science and technology continue Andean force, including the Andean nautical intisaywana or pink.

Formative period in the basin of Lake Titicaca (approx. 450 BC 2000 AD), has in recent years received much attention from researchers since it is one of the few areas where there was autonomously process complexity social which ended in the creation of early stage (Bandy 2001; Beck 2001; Hastorf 2005; Janusek 2001, 2004, 2005; Klarich 2002, 2003, 2005a and b; Plourde and Stanish 2006; Stanish 2001, 2003, among others). This process corresponds to actions of groups of individuals within larger groups with the desire to accumulate wealth, power and prestige that occur in a social context where others are trying to maintain their individual autonomy (Stanish 2001: 195).

Pukara1 The site is famous for its importance in the process of social complexity in the Lake Titicaca and its extraordinary

material culture such as pottery vessels and stone sculpture. Unfortunately it has not received the necessary attention to learn more of its history as it has had its pair in the southern basin of the lake, Tiwanaku. Moreover, almost all research, both excavations and surface surveys and ceramológicos and stylistic analyzes were busy period or Medium Classic Pukara, time when it reached its peak as a political entity (approx. 200 BC-100 AD).

However, it is known of the existence of an earlier pyramid which is currently representing the first monumental building on the site and which is associated with Qaluyu styles first and Cusipata later (Mujica 1987, Wheeler and Mujica 1981 ). This, together with the results of new research on Qaluyu, which have determined that there are places in other parts of the northern basin that would be more important than the eponymous site (eg. Cachichupa in the valley of Huancané-Putina) (Plourde 2006, Plourde and Stanish 2008), make a study on the nature of the Qaluyu presence and other styles or early ceramic traditions in Pukara is imposed.

It is for this reason that the main objective of my research was to determine the characteristics of the oldest pottery site with emphasis on non-decorated, also called flat or rough. This is because while it is important to study comparative purposes decorated pottery, we believe the information potential of the domestic character supposedly pots pots and pitchers underestimated.

Our goal is to determine a) the relevance of Qaluyu occupation at the site of Pukara, b) define whether this is achieved through the analysis of ceramic c) if it was not the eponymous Pukara site and the regional center of the valley during the Formative medium (approx. 1300-500 BC). Before entering the discussion of this issue, you must present the environment, chronology and cultural process that occurred during the Formative Period in this area.

Tambomachay or Inca Baths – 3700 MASL

Archaeological Site 7 km (15 min) to the NE of Cusco tarmac road (just 3 km from Rodadero Sacsayhuaman and at the foot of the hill Lofrecocha). It consists of a set of es¬tructuras finely carved stone aqueducts and water falls from the springs and nearby hot springs. No doubt it was related to the worship of water, one of the most important elements of the Andean world. By its name, which means ‘place of rest’, it was assumed that it would be “a resort resting” Inca, but no rooms and other facilities to enable it to fulfill this role. From a nearby hill can be seen the archaeological site of Puca Pucara.

Tambomachay or Inca baths his name has originated from two Quechua words: Tampu, collective housing and Mach’ay, resting place.

It is also called the Cave Tambo because in surrounding caves (machay). It occupies an area of 437 square meters, 3,700 meters. It is small but very beautiful and mystical.

This trekking route is considered one of the most important in the world, is an unforgettable experience not only for adventure but also for its environment, its natural beauty and especially because you emocionarás to follow in the footsteps of the Incas to reach its sanctuary through the front door … the Puerta del Sol through the Sacred Valley to Machu Picchu Inca models.