Inca Tours Cusco City: Sprung in a valley that has traces of settlement from a thousand years before Christ, Cusco becomes a city when it became the capital of the mighty Inca empire. That was a Qosqo Incan sacred city of temples and palaces, which tradition mimicked the shape of a reclining lion with feline head, evoking an ancient mythological figure. The head was the Sacsayhuaman fortress, and the body of the cat, the city that lay between two rivers, the Saphy and Tullumayo, channeled running under the streets of the same name. The meeting of these rivers, where there is currently an allusive source was known as Pumaqchupan or “tail of the lion.”
The temples and palaces of the city Puma buildings were single story, thatched roofs gable or circular with a very pronounced slope to facilitate drainage of water from the rains. The uniqueness of Inca architecture, which astonished the Spaniards first entered the city and now sigile amaze its visitors, was the quality of the polishing of the stone and the perfect blend of a block to another. In a culture that knew no iron, this was achieved thanks to an extraordinary knowledge of the material and the right hand using simple tools, such as Inca hard quartzite stones. However, it is thought that the construction of the most representative works of Inca architecture should suing large amounts of labor, which was only Dable in a society with a high degree of organization of the Inca empire.
Visually, the sacred sobriety Cusco noted for its walls and its characteristic slope that made them more resistant to the frequent earthquakes in the area. These walls, built most of the times with andesite and diorite, did not always provide the same type of rig. The large rectangle is found in the Koricancha and Acllahuasi (current Loieto street), and the small rectangular in Kusikancha (current plaza of Santo Do¬mingo versus Koricancha). Both types of gear are also known as padding. The large irregular geometric, however, is that we appreciate Hatunrumiyoc street.
Key elements in this city should be Sacsayhuaman Inca, the Koricancha and Sunturhuasi, a circular tower about three or four stories high that apparently stood in the main square, which occupied what is now the Plaza de Armas, the Exhilaration square, the two blocks that separate and apple Hotel Cusco in Peru.
The clustering pattern of housing and, in general, was the kancha buildings, a rectangular enclosure surrounded by stone walls, usually with a single access, inside which, symmetrically distributed, rose between two and eight constructs plant also rectangular and unicellular. Among kancha and ran kancha narrow streets, which made the city as a whole had an orthogonal plan, consisting of a system of straight streets virtually. A peculiarity of Cusco Inca, though, was its perfect adaptation to the topography of the valley and natural features, which in many cases made the original grid is deformed and that they became winding alleys.
Another feature of Qosqo Inca, which responded to the worldview of the ancient Incas of Peru, was its division into two halves, Hanan and Hurin, the top and bottom, each of which in turn di¬vidía in two others, respecting the territorial division of the empire into four parts or yours: Chinchaysuyo, Antisuvo, Collasu- me and Contisuyo. It was precisely the paths starting from the main square, the four were heading to his, that marked the four parts into which was divided Cusco – “Peru Inca Trail”.
A complementary system of spatial organization of city tours Cusco was the Inca ceque, imaginary lines that left the Sun Temple at four his direction and were punctuated by temples or huacas had in Cusco. In each of the sectors Chinchaysuyo, Antisuyo and Collasuyo ceques were nine and in Contisuyo fourteen. The number of huacas as a relationship left by the chronicler Bernabé Cobo, amounted to 333 Please note that the Incas were not only sacred temples as Kori kancha, but also the birthplace of the Inca rulers, and the relics left by them. Were also venerated the large stones, springs or puquio, rivers and lagoons and caves.
Let us note, finally, finally understand the uniqueness of the Inca capital, the holy city was rodea¬da of agricultural terraces that extended beyond the two rivers that run delimited and now the prime¬ro under of Saphy, Silversmiths and Avenida Sol, streets and the second under the Choquechaca and Tullumayo streets. These growing areas, delicately treated, served as an isolation area of the sacred core, located in the center of Cusco.
The neighborhoods where they lived the popular sectors were scattered around this isolation belt and according to most historians twelve. Tokokachi starting with the (current neighborhood of San Blas), these were: Munaysenka, Rimajpampa, Pumajchupan, Koripata, Cayaukachi, Chaquillchaca, Picchu, Karmenka, Wakapunku, Kolkampata and Kantutpata.
The main Inca city also included a large densely populated suburban area extending in a radius of five kilometers. In short, you could say, according to calculations by Santiago Agurto, the capital of the Incas covering an area of 476 hectares, of which 88 corresponded to the holy city, 105 to its isolation area and 283 to the suburbs. The suburban area, in turn, could te¬ner over 500 hectares.
Such was the city that the Spaniards found that the admiration of many, but as of Sancho, secretary and clerk of General Francisco Pizarro, who writes in his relationship to his majesty: “The city of Cusco, as the main all residence served few gentlemen is so great, so beautiful and so many buildings that would be worthy of being seen in Spain. “
Writers such as Friar Antonio de la Calancha (1638) equated the prehispanic architectural grandeur and religious importance of Cusco, the ancient pagan atmosphere of a metropolis of Babylon and Rome of the Caesars. For its efforts to undertake administrative, neighborhoods that subdivided by origin and artisan specialties; for its architectural harmony, wisely appropriate to the terrain and inclement weather; for the efficient preservation of its environment and natural resources ingenious provision for the flourishing of its economy, the city of the Incas Cusco tours out as the highest model of social organization that is admirable civilization deployed throughout the Andean world. It has unique features that can still admire and which are of universal interés.