As Cusco Walking: The historic center of Cusco is small and easily accessible. Without doubt, the best way to know is go on foot. However, the steepness of some streets can turn a simple walk into a grueling task, especially if you are not well adapted to the altitude. We recommend dividing the city into sectors of interest (the Main Square, the neighborhood of San Blas, Colcampata, among others) and take a taxi to each. Once there, take your time, we assure you will find places of great beauty in every corner of the city. The cost of various urban taxis past 10 at night.
A Tourist Ticket City Tours Cusco:
Allows visitors to 10 of the most important tourist attractions of Cusco: the Cathedral, the churches of San Blas and Santa Catalina, the Museum of Religious Art, the Regional History Museum, in addition to the villages and archaeological sites Piquillacta, Chinchero, Ollantaytambo, Pisac, Sacsayhuaman, Kenko, Puca Pucara and Tambomachay. It costs $ (for Peruvian and foreign) and is valid for 10 days. It is purchased at the offices of the Regional Tourism (Main Square), the National Institute of Culture (Garcilaso s / n, Exhilaration square) or in any of the places mentioned above. Highly recommended for anyone visiting Cusco for the first time.
A scaled down version of the tourist ticket that costs $ and gives access to the sites that make up the urban archaeological circuit (Sacsayhuaman, Kenko, Puca Pucara and Tambomachay) through the Sacred Valley of the Incas.
The Cusco city tours, like all large tourist cities, presents some problems of petty theft (wallets and cameras). Avoid exposing too much equipment and personal items. If walking in the evening hours (after midnight) places, take precautions. These places are: the market of Santa Ana and the train station to Machu Picchu (San Pedro); arrival and departure of buses to the airport; access roads to the archaeological sites near Cusco and in general the crowds. The festival of Inti Raymi (Festival Calendar each year) has become one of the favorite events of pickpockets.
How was the sacred city of Cusco:
Chroniclers assert that Inca times the city was divided into twelve districts or urban buildings surrounding the central area reserved to the palace of Inca temples and the headquarters of the clans or clans of the highest nobility. The Huatanay Tullumayo river and river demarcating the most sacred area. These rivers were channeled in modern times. The old bed of the river Huatanay Saphi today what form the avenue, street Silversmiths and Sol Avenue; Tullumayu and ran the river where the current avenues are Choquechaca and Tullumayo. According to tradition, the area framed by these rivers was divided into two sectors. In Hurin Cusco (‘Under Cusco’) would have lived ayllu clan and the first sovereign. In the area of Harlan Cusco (Cusco Alto), around Sacsayhuaman, the Inca would have resided nobility from the time of Inca Roca (sixth sovereign, who would have ruled between 1350 and 1380). that fit exactly to each other without mortar. Defense constructions are based on sheer volume of stones. Walls are usually sloped inwards slightly erected, as a batter, as the wall that remains of the palace of the sixth monarch, Inca Roca (Hatunrumiyoc Street), where the famous stone of twelve angles. It dominated the Inca architecture is characterized by its foundations and walls made of cut and polished stones neatly portals and trapezoidal windows, as in the palace Kolkampata. There are also buildings with walls, windows and vertical perfecta¬mente cover, as the cover Amarukancha (Loreto street), the time of the Inca Huayna Capac (between 1493 and 1525).
Many colonial buildings and preserved Incan remains similar to the original building function. The Temple of the Sun or Koricancha, was converted into the convent and church of Santo Domingo. Aproción top of amautas the children of the nobility, were built the monastery and church of the Nazarene, a novitiate and one of the first sites of San Antonio Abad University (now Hotel Monasterio). The circular temple or Sunturwasi stood where today is the mother church or de Triomphe. The Acllawasi, guard or center women devoted to sun worship, became the convent dvechando the Yachaywasi or center of learning ‘, where they received instructions nuns of Santa Catalina.
It is noteworthy that, except for very few exceptions such as the church of Santa Clara and the cloister of the convent of San Francisco (very close together, with the square of that name) – the Cuzco colonial buildings are post-1650 That year a powerful earthquake almost completely destroyed the colonial town, but without affecting its solid Inca foundations. The Cathedral in the main square of Cusco, which was erected in 1538, had to be rebuilt after the earthquake in 1668 and again consecrated church Triomphe, also in the main square, had several des¬pués 1650 reforms, having acquired its present form between 1729 and 1733 turn, the shrine of the holy Family and Sacred Hearts, next to the Cathedral square, was remodeled in 1735.
The twelve districts of ancient Cusco
These neighborhoods were in Cusco:
- Kolkampata, on the slopes of Sacsayhuaman, was the top of the Hanan Cusco (‘High Cusco’) – currently corresponds to the neighborhood of San Cristobal.
- Kantutpata (height cantutas or pinks), high neighborhood that was separated from the Tullumayo Kolkampata river (today Choquechaca Avenue), in the northwest.
- Tokokachi (‘salt cave’) is the current district of San Blas, in the north-central area, across the river Tullumayo where ethnic groups have lived descendants who inhabited the region before Manco Capac.
- Munaysenka (‘beautiful edge of the hill’) is the current district of La Recoleta, in the northeast, across the river Tullumayo, lying on gentle slopes.
- Rimajpampa (‘plaza oracle’), in the center of Hurin Cus¬co (‘Under Cusco), surrounding the Temple of the Sun or Koricancha.
- Pumajchupan (‘Cougar tail’), southeast corner of the city, where Huatanay Tullumayo and rivers joined. There now stands the train station Puno and Arequipa.
- Kayaukachi (‘saline growing’), in the south, where the area is now called Koripata. He was framed by the river and the road Tullumayo Contisuyo.
- Chakillchaca (‘bridge of the eggs’) in the southwest area of the present districts of Santiago and Belen.
- Pijchu (‘top of the hill’), west of the previous section, on the slopes of the mountain of the same name, where the railway line goes to Machu Picchu.
- Killipata (‘hawk place’), northwest of Pijchu.
- Karmenka (‘shoulder’), to the northwest, is the current district of Santa Ana, bordering Kolkampata Huatanay across the river.
- Wakapunku (‘shrine gate), where Astete house, bounded by the road and Huatanay Chinchaysuyu river is.
- Some chroniclers added to this list of two neighborhoods: Pumakurku (‘Cougar lomo), Other area included within Kantutpata and Korimach’ajway behind the present cemetery.
Eight leading panacas of Cusco City Tours:
Each of the clans, or extended families of the nobility related to the Inca lived in an architectural kancha or closed with a single gateway in the central area of the city. Remains of walls and covers of those palaces, which have been incorporated into later buildings. The buildings of the clans were, according to the chroniclers relate:
- Amarukancha (‘Temple of the Serpent’), where he lived the ayllu Tumipampa, Inca Huayna Capac lineage. Comprise an area of the Square and the present streets of Matuchaka, Loreto and Pampa del Castillo.
- Pukamarka (‘red room’), home of the largest sovereign or Hatun ayllu eleventh Inca Tupac Yupanqui, covering the present streets of San Agustin, Santa Catalina, Arequipa and Maruri ayllu.
- Hatunkancha (big temple), seat of the sovereign ayllu tenth Inca Yupanqui, between the present streets of Triunfo, Hardware, and Santa Catalina Arequipa.
- K’asana (the foal), seat of Pachacutec Inca ayllu Iñakapanaka between the Square and the present streets of Silversmiths, Attorneys and Tejsekocha.
- Kiswarkancha (‘palace Kiswar tree’), home of Viracocha Inca ayllu Sujsu between the Square and the present streets of Almirante, and Triumph Palace.
- Hatunrumiyoc (with the largest stone ‘), home of the Inca ayllu Wekakirau Rock, between the present streets of St. Augustine, Hardware, and Choquechaca Hatunrumiyoc.
- Korakora (‘grassland’), the ayllu Raurau of Sinchiroca between the Square and the present streets of Procurators, Waynapata and Sweden.
- Kolka Pata (‘The Barn’), on the slopes of Sacsayhuaman, home of ayllu Chimapanaka offspring of Manco Capac.