Cusco City Tours

Cusco City Tours: We can admit that it is a natural beauty. Cusco ranks first among the places in the world I have visited. The people, the food, the mysticism of the ancient culture are beyond what I thought would never find. You are missing out if you skip to Cusco on your Inca trail to Machu Picchu and the Sacred Valley of the Incas. This city is a mix of new and old ways that our ancestors have left us: Ancient Inca walls holding up colonial baroque building. Interior whick are some of the restaurants and shops of contemporary Cusco, colonial churches and cultural museums dot the plaza, while fresh modern cafes sit side by side with traditional art galleries Cusco San Blas Cusco. Jewels Incas are everywhere, even along the zone of heavy business traffic on Avenida natal Sun star attraction of Cusco Koricancha Inca Temple of the Sun.

CuscoCoricancha

If you arrive in Cuzco Cusco with the intention of riding the train to Machu Picchu tours the next day, you will probably only have time to stroll around the Plaza de Armas and visit Koricancha (Temple of the Sun) and the Cathedral. However, the examination of the merits of the city, whether the star or end you travel. We recommend spending at least two days in Cusco, giving you time to acclimate to the altitude and get to know this city of terracotta roofs and cobblestone streets. Churches and some restaurants close for a few hours in the middle of the day. Most museums are closed on Sundays.

Cusco has its more recent role as a favorite tourist destination in stride and absorbs thousands of travelers with a wide range of accommodation, restaurants and services. A polished infrastructure exist in a remote location such high elevation is a pleasant surprise to travel with Peru Inca Trail.

Reasons to visit Cusco

Inca Architecture: How the Inca stone walls costructo as accurate using 15th century technology. How were they going to put a temple so it would be better to be lit at the exact time of the solstice.

Andean cuisine type: Where else inthe world will find roasted cuy (guinea pig), and alpaca meat menu hobnobbing well – dining

Layers of Religion: a closer look at eh walls every Catholic church was built on the site, and often the foundation of a Huaca del Inca, or sacred place

Hotels with History: Cusco Osterias brimming with history. Many are former convents, monasteries, houses holy women, or palaces of the Spanish conquistadors.

Alpaca Clothing: Nothing says “Cuzco” quite like s sweater, shawl, poncho, or a scarf woven from the hair of the alpaca

First Oriented with Peru Inca Trail:

In the center of Cusco is the Colonial Plaza de Armas slightly inclined, starting with Inca streets and colonial houses, most prominently the Avenida El Sol, resulting in the more modern sectors of the city. Heading uphill takes you to the oldest neighborhoods in the city including the artisan quarter of San Blas and network of footpaths. If you look up and to the left, you will see soaring above the ground is the archaeological. The website of the Sacsayhuaman fortress sitting excel at Cristo Blanco. This white christ statueis more clearly seen at night when it is illuminated by artificial light.

The Cordillera Urubamba and Cuzco in the north side and around the clock over the south of the basin of the river known as the sacred valley side. Transport through the Sacred Valley of the Incas is simple, with paths from the Urubamba range to the center of the city and the Sacred Valley back to Cusco tours.

Planning to visit Cusco:

When Traveling to Cusco with “Peru Inca Trail”

Cuzco high season is from June to early September (winter) and the days around Christmas and Easter. Winter means drier and easier to travel, buy higher accommodation rates and larger crowds climate. Prices and visitor numbers drop sharply durente November to March summer rainy season, except around the holidays

Trips from Cusco to “Peru Inca Trail”:

Cusco can be charmingly beautiful, but with the constant hassic buy buy buy. Not the most relaxing place on earth. However, on the outskirts of the city is one of the most spectacular and serene regions of Peru, Andean mountains full of small villages and ancient Incan ruins. In a half day trip you can visit the gratest Peru some historical areas and monuments, just beyond the city limits south of Cusco and Sacsayhuaman perched high on a hill overlooking the city, or the spectacular views of Qenko , puka pukara and Tambomachay.

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The Urubamba Valley located northwest of Cusco and functions as a gateway to the Sacred Valley of the Incas, more extensions to the northwest, attract Puma common visitors going to the Inca city Machu Picchu. especially those looking to catch his breath and a little R & R in the idyllic surroundings regions. In addition, the South Valley, a stretch of road that extends southeast from Cusco to Sichuan, brag, Inca and pre-Inca sites but equally impressive.

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Acclimation of how Coca in Cusco Tours:

Take it easy Magico Cusco is a breath of 3,300 meters (10,852 feet) above sea level -a appreciate you done as soon huffing and puffing their way up the cobblestone streets of sleep. With 30% less oxygen in the atmosphere of the best way to prevent altitude sickness is to take it easy in the early days. There is no point at which handsome Inca hike if you’re not acclimated – altitude sickness is uncomfortable at best and can be very dangerous. Local swear by mate de coca, a tea made ​​from coca leaves to help with altitude acclimatization. Indigenous peoples have chewed the leaves of the coca plant for centuries to cope with the high Andes. However, the brewing of the leaves in a herbal tea is considered a more refined and completely legal to ingest the substance, in the Andean nations form at least. Most restaurant and many hotels have a pot constantly bedroom.

TOURS CUSCO CITY REGIONAL CUISINE

The culinary art in the Peruvian Andes is quite varied, many of the dishes listed below are pre-Hispanic origin, others emerged in the colony and the republic and its use is intensive. Some coastal dishes that are very popular in the region are also included;

Cuy Asado; Qowi, Cuy, Cuy, or guinea pig (Cavia porcellus linnaens), is the most symbolic and important regional dish consumed in major festivals and celebrations; oven roasted and seasoned with Wakatay (Huatacay), garlic, cumin and salt.

Pepián Cuy: stew is prepared based on pieces of fried cuy, garnished with peanuts, garlic, pepper, onions and salt; served with rice and boiled potatoes.

Rocoto Relleno; rocoto (Capsicum annuun) is a chili pepper or spicy boiled Local and stuffed with ground meat, peanuts, raisins, peas, cheese; dipped in batter and fried.

Chiri Uchu (hot pepper); It is a dish served cold always consisting of small pieces of roasted guinea pig, baked chicken, or chalona ch’arki (dry-salted meat) boiled sausages, cau-cau (fish roe), cheese, flour fritters corn, roasted corn, qocha weed (dried seaweed) and rocoto.

Corn and Cheese; consists of tender corn cobs boiled and served with slices of cheese.

greaves; are cuts of pork fried in its own fat, served with fries into large pieces, hominy (dried and then boiled corn), and onion salad with mint.

sucker; meat is tender pork roast baked and flavored with yellow pepper, garlic, cumin and onions.

Adobo; It is a stew based on pieces of pork, marinated and boiled in “chicha de jora” (fermented local beer made ​​from corn); pretty seasoned with yellow pepper and served with onions and boiled whole rocoto

K’apchi mushrooms; It is a way to stew a stew whose ingredients are mushrooms or mushrooms (Marasnicios alboericius), green beans, potatoes and milk, served with rice.

Chairo; is a local soup prepared with diced lamb or beef, bits of guts (choncholin), bacon, potatoes, squash, moraya (bitter dehydrated potato), ollucos (Ullucus tuberosus), wheat, corn, carrots and cabbage (cabbage) .

Sara Lawa; Andean is a cream made ​​of ground sweet corn, potatoes, cheese and eggs, flavored with stick.

Chuño Cola; It is a cream consumed in the coldest days, prepared based on flour black chuño (dehydrated potato), with chunks of beef or lamb, potatoes, peas, rice, and seasoned with yellow pepper, garlic, cumin and yerba buena .

Spicy Tarwi; It is a very energy-based dish lupine (Lupinus mutabilis) without bitter liquid milk contains potatoes, cheese; seasoned with garlic, chili, onions, mint, and wakatay; served with steak or grained rice.

Suck Quinoa; prepared from quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) peeled and bitter; boiled with beef or lamb, potatoes, carrots, cabbage, green beans, seasoned with onions, paprika, garlic, good grass, cilantro and oregano.

T’impu or stew; It is a very popular soup at carnivals, prepared based on head meat and lamb, beef, ch’arki, potatoes, corn, cabbage, chickpeas, sweet potato and cassava; broth served with the above.

tamales; kind of muffins prepared from white corn flour, stuffed with ground beef, olives and onions; steamed corn wrappings.

anticuchos; are beef heart skewers, marinated in vinegar and are then cooked on the grill; served with fries and “uchu-kuta” (ground chili pepper with peanuts, wakatay and other spices)

Marinated chicken or fish; any of these pieces of white meat, onions, cauliflower, carrots, peas and boiled and pickled virraca previously pickled, served with lettuce and chopped parsley.

Aji de gallina; It is a stew made based on goosebumps, garnished with crushed peanuts and pretty yellow pepper; served with rice, potatoes, olives and hard boiled eggs

ceviche; prepared from small pieces of fish and other marine meats, pickled or marinated in lemon juice with onions and celery; flavored with ginger and garlic, served with sweet potato, lettuce and roasted corn.

* Drinks in the City of Cusco:

Chicha de Jora Aqha or (yellow chicha), is an alcoholic beverage inherited from Inkario prepared on the basis of dry and germinated yellow maize is ground and then boiled. The liquid is hovering in large baskets of reeds “reeds” with “bunch grass” or rough straw, and fermented for three days “raki” or ceramic pots; process at the end of this beverage should be roughly 3% alcohol content.

Frutillada, processing is very similar to that of chicha, with the difference that the latter is added strawberry (strawberry Sacred Valley) liquefied which gives a special flavor.

Chicha Quinoa or Amaranth; soft drinks are not alcoholic, prepared quinoa flour (Chenopodium quinoa) or amaranth (Amaranthus caudatus) without fermentation.

Chicha Morada; refreshing drink made of the liquid from boiling purple corn cobs that you add lemon juice, sweetened with sugar.

Coca; is a natural infusion of coca leaves (Erythroxilon). It is preferred in the Andean peoples have recognized medicinal properties; helps reduce the discomfort caused by the height, such as dizziness, drowsiness, headaches, etc. People also drink it to soothe your throat and conditions when you have stomach problems.

I piteado tea; It is very popular in frigid zones, consisting of a normal cup of tea or oriental you added some glasses of cachaça.

Pisco Sour; has become a classic drink of Peru, made ​​from “Pisco” is a national liquor made from white grapes

Also while in Cusco Tours Qosqo or try to sample the local beer “beer Cusco” is one of the best in Peru; and whose propaganda says it’s “made ​​with the water of the Incas”. Indeed, the water ran in Inkásica Q’enqo source was channeled and taken to the factory “Cusco”.

THE CITY TOURS CUSCO QOSQO OR IN HISTORY:

It is still in the darkness of the past conditions and date of when the man began to inhabit this continent. However the most accepted version is the science that indicates that the American man is from the Asian continent and taking advantage of the ocean freeze in the Bering Strait could cross to this side of the world. According to archeology man of Nevada, USA, she was to live 30 or 50 thousand years ago. In the case of Peru, in 1969 Mac Neish revealed the oldest dates to the early Peruvians: 18-20000 BC Pacaicasa for man in Ayacucho, age is within the realm of logic have been determined with absolute dating technique Radiocarbon or Carbon 14 Thereafter man travels to different parts of the Peruvian Andes. In the region of Cusco City Tours Qosqo or some occupations are known in the Pre-ceramic bearing as the oldest and still gatherers and men Yauri Chumbivilcas with an approximate age of 5000 years BC, has subsequently pastors of Canas and Chawaytiri areas (these are hypothetical previous occupations), and later as farmers Qorqa men. It is in the Formative period when man makes his way to the Valley Watanay Cusco Valley or Cusco City Tours; the oldest sedentary occupation in this valley in the first phase begins in Marcavalle east of the present city, with a relatively organized farmers and herders used ceramic stock from approximately 1000 BC

With them practically begins life Qosqo or Cusco City Tours is today regarded as the oldest living city in the American Continent with a continuous occupation of about 3,000 years until today. In a second phase, more or less Chanapata culture develops in 800 BC Later Regional states emerge as one of the first of Qotakalli around the year 600 AD Probably for the year 750 A.D. Wari invasion occurs in the area Qosqo who built the buildings of what is now called Pikillaqta; and subsequently by 800 D.C. Regional State Killki Lucre and then forms around 1,000 DC What is traditionally known as civilization, Inka empire or state begins approximately around the year 1200 AD in its initial phase and then in 1400 or so DC in its expansion phase. One of the darkest in the city life times begins with the arrival in 1533 and subsequent Spanish invasion and ethnocide is still difficult to state categorically who were the first founders or which would be valid foundation Qosqo. They could be the people of Marcavalle; Victor Angles suggests that would be Sawasiras, Antasayas and Wallas, tribes settled in the valley before the development of Tawantinsuyu. Another foundation would be the first Inka: Manko Qhapac; Pachakuteq also argues that the ninth Inka made ​​another foundation. And finally, after the arrival of the first Spaniards to the city on November 15, L533, Francisco Pizarro founded the Spanish style on Monday March 23, 1534, on behalf of the King of Spain with the name and title:

THE VERY NOBLE AND GREAT CITY or CUSCO CUSCO:

In 1535 Pizarro founded the new capital in Lima that would gain importance and power even to this day. In 1536 Manko Inka began a long and bloody war against European invaders with a site in the city for 8 months, and finally in 1572 after 36 years of war, the last emperor of the dynasty of the Inca Tupac Amaru I, then his defeat and capture Vilcabamba was executed seccionándosele head in the Plaza de Armas of Cusco. In 1650 the city was affected by a violent earthquake that brought down almost all colonial construction; and later in 1780 the city was convulsed again but this time for a social earthquake: Revolution Tupac Amaru II (now traditionally the Spanish form of his name used was José Gabriel Thupa Amaro Inga, as he signed it) who tended to the emancipation of Peru. Unfortunately he was betrayed, beaten and then executed like all his family and supporters in the Plaza de Armas. Between 1814-1815, Matthew Pumakawa cacique of Chinchero who in his youth had fought Tupac Amaru II, took up arms in Qosqo with the Angulo brothers and other patriots for the emancipation of Peru, were defeated and later executed by the army pro-Hispanic. In 1821 Peru gained independence from Spain at the end of a long, cruel and bloody process developed throughout Spanish America. In 1933 the XXV Congress of Americanists met in La Plata City, Argentina, told Qosqo or Cusco City Tours: “Archaeological Capital of South America.” In 1950 another major earthquake of 7 ° in the Mercalli scale struck the ancient capital of Tawantinsuyu leaving only a quarter of its buildings. In 1978 the VII Convention of Mayors of Great World Cities met in Milan, the city agreed to declare: “World Cultural Heritage”. In Paris, on December 9, 1983, UNESCO declared Cusco City Tours Qosqo or as “Cultural Heritage”. The December 22, 1983, the Peruvian government by Law No. 23765 declared the city as “Tourist Capital of Peru” turn as “Cultural Patrimony of the Nation”. Today Qosqo is capital of the department of the same name and in turn the Inka Region headquarters established in the late 90s, made with the departments of Apurimac and Madre de Dios. Peru’s Political Constitution of 1993 declares Qosqo or Cusco City Tours and its Historical Capital of Peru.

Location of Cusco City Tours:

Cusco has an area of ​​617.00 km2 and is located at 3399 meters above sea level is in the center of a fertile valley surrounded by the waters of Huatanay (tributary of Vilna canota) and Tullumayo rivers. The city stands on a former lake bed some 100,000 years ago, according to investigators, was occupied by the lake called Morkill.

Population Cusco City Tours:

The current population of the city of Cusco is 304.152 inhabitants, while the department as a whole is 1.158.142 inhabitants (both figures estimated by the National Institute of Statistics and Informatics -INEI- for 2000). Population growth has been steady in recent years, as the censuses of 1981 and 1993 figures thrown 218 025 and 278 794 inhabitants, respectively, for the city, and 874,463 and 1,066,495 for the department. Cusco is the seventh city of Peru with respect to the number of inhabitants.

Political division of Cusco City Tours:

The department of Cusco covers 71891.97 km2 and is divided politically into 13 provinces (Acomayo, Anta, Calca, Canas, Canchis Chumbivilcas, Cusco, Espinar, The Convention Paruro Paucartambo Quispicanchi and Urubamba). The city of Cusco is divided into 8 districts (Ccorca, Cusco, Po roy, San Jeronimo, San Sebastián, Santiago, and Wanchaq Saylla).

Climate of Cusco City Tours:

Because of the great diversity of climates that covers the department has a wide variety of climates and landscapes. In the lower parts (below 2000 m) are given many types of hot weather in the intermediate floors climate is temperate, and the highest parts (over 3700 m) cold temperatures prevail. The city of Cusco is located in a transition zone between the temperate zone and the cold, so any time of year is good to visit, as it enjoys a uniform dry weather in all seasons: sunny in the day and cold at night. The rainy season is from December to March. The average temperature of the city is 10.9 ° C.

Language of Cusco City Tours:

While both Castilian and Quechua or runasimi are considered official languages ​​of Peru, with a participation po- blacional nationally 73% and 24%, respectively, in rural areas of the department of Cusco Quechua is the predominant language. Much of the population of Cusco is also bilingual and manages native language Quechua and Castilian as acquired. A smaller percentage of the population speaks Aymara and there are also some Amazonian languages ​​(Machiguenga) spoken in the jungle region of the department (Lower Urubamba).

Currency Cusco City Tours:

Currency Exchange

The American dollars (us $) are the easiest currency to exchange in Cusco. Are also accepted in commercial transactions and the acquisition of various goods. Exchange houses are plentiful in the city of Cusco (especially in the Av. Sol and near the market). You can also change dollars in the central areas of the city (Av. Sol, opposite the Palace of Justice) through street money changers. Some hotels and ATM provide this service, but use a rate slightly lower conversion. The average exchange fluctuates daily but not significantly so. Carefully review the bills that are delivered to avoid scams. Broken or abused dollars are hard to change. The official currency of Peru is the Nuevo Sol There are coins of 5, 10, 20 and 50 cents.; and 1, 2 and 5 soles. Tickets are 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200 soles.

Travelers checks to Cusco City Tours:

The use of traveler’s checks are not widely known in the business premises of Cusco. Many hotels charge surcharges for accepting some banks and its change is problematic for cash (calculates a loss of between 2% and 5% of the amount to change).

Cash transfers (remittances)

Can be made through commercial banks. In international transfers is necessary to calculate at least 3 days to complete the process. Domestic transfers take a day or so. You may get cash under credit cards in some ATMs.

Credit Cards for Travelers in Cusco City Tours:

The most widely accepted credit cards in Cusco are Visa, MasterCard, American Express and Diners. However, its use is still not widely both within and outside the city.

Banks in Cusco City Tours:

Generally banks are open from Monday to Friday from 9am to 18 pm and on Saturdays until noon (with some variations). The hours are slightly shorter during the summer months.

Electricity in Cusco City Tours:

The electric current in Cusco is 220 volts (60 cycles). Most 5-star hotels in rooms with 110-volt outlets. The plugs European and American planes require adapters.

Telephony in Cusco City Tours:

Nationwide Long Distance: to communicate anywhere in the country, dial 109 and ask for your call to the national operator. In Cusco there is also the National Direct Dialing (NDD). In this case, select the city code followed by the phone number.

International long distance, dial 00 then the country code followed by the phone number. The codes for the different countries are in the telephone booths and in the phone book, available in any store. If you wish to collect calling collect or cali, or in the form of person to person, dial 108 to contact the international operator.

Payphones: There are booths spread across the city of Cusco and the main towns of the interior, from which you can access the services of national direct dial (NDD), International (DDI) and satellite operator. These phones accept coins 2 soles 1 nuevo sol and cents, as well as cards (sold in kiosks and stores).

Cell Phones, works only in the city of Cusco, the Sacred Valley and some important towns of the interior. In some cases it is possible to obtain the extension of coverage to user request.

Information service: operates 24 hours a day and his number is 103.

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